With Earth Day around the corner, you can do your part in stewarding the earth by improving the health and look of your lawn. Fortunately, you've chosen the ideal time for lawn care; assuming that your lawn has a cool-season grass like ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass, services like lawn aeration and seeding should be done in early spring or late autumn. With warm-season grass like Bermuda grass, late spring to early summer is the best time.
When your lawn looks unhealthy, you have to treat the problem at its root: literally. Soil can become hard and compact, preventing moisture and nutrients from seeping down to the roots. Have a professional pull out plugs of soil from your lawn, and the result will be increased water and oxygen circulation and nutrient-rich grass. New roots will soon fill up the aerated holes. Afterward, though, it's important to keep up the usual tasks like mowing and watering.
Watering and Mowing
Now that we mention them, even basic maintenance tasks can benefit from a few tips. On average, grass needs 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week, so it should receive, during periods of active growth, between 1/2 and 3/4 inch of water every two to three days. Too frequent and light watering will lead to the development of shallow roots. Watering in the early morning is preferable since more water would evaporate in the midday sun.
You should never mow your lawn so that it's shorter than 2 inches, or you'll risk damaging the lawn and creating bare brown spots in it. In our area of Florida, it's best to keep the grass between 3.5 to 4 inches tall. Also, make sure the mower blade is sharp; that way, cut grass will recover more quickly and avoid disease.
As with other lawn care tasks, you should fertilize with moderation and only during periods of growth. If you apply too much fertilizer, the new grass won't have time to grow deep roots and will wither come summer or winter (depending on whether you have a cool-season or warm-season grass). At the most, one or two times during the spring or fall will suffice.
Fertilizing may prevent some pests from inhabiting your lawn, but not all. Lawns can be invaded by everything from mosquitoes to crane flies to chinch bugs. Regular mowing will keep mosquitoes away since these pests like tall grass. Also, clear the lawn of leaves and debris since these often provide a hiding place for ticks. Finally, you'll want to contact Impact Pest Elimination for professional lawn care that will keep pests away for good.